What is Algebraic Notation and why is it important?
Algebraic notation refers to chess moves, instead of saying the knight on the first dark square moves to the light square 2 squares on top of the first square and to the right. See, it doesn't make any sense. And that is why the algebraic notation was invented. Algebraic notation helps you read the board and each move. Check below to learn about Algebraic Notation!
As you can see in the board above, there are numbers and letters on the sides of the board. When reading Algebraic notation, you start by reading the letter followed by the number. So you would read squares like: e4, d5, d4, g3, g6, etc. In the image below, the pieces are set up on the board.
For Example: The White pawn is on e2, d2, a2, etc For each piece: Pawn: No letter | e.g.e4, d5 Knight: Use the letter N | e.g. Ne4, Nd5 Bishop: Use the letter B | e.g. Be4, Bd5 Rook: Use the letter R | e.g. Re4, Rd5 Queen: Use the letter Q | e.g. Qe4, Qd5 King: Use the letter K | e.g. Ke4, Kd5
If you were to capture another pieces then you would mark it down as "X" For Examples: Nxe4 or Bxd5